The best monuments in the ancient area of Rome
What to do and to see in the surroundings of Pantheon Luxury Apartments
Rome, since its foundation in 753 BC, has played an essential role in the history and civilization of the way. From a small settlement on the Tiber River to a cosmopolitan city with over 3 million inhabitants, Rome, over the centuries, has been the scene of important historical events, religious reforms and art renewals..
Discover the sights of the historic center and all about the rich, complex history of the Eternal City. From ancient monuments to narrow medieval alleys to grand Baroque piazzas, but you’ll also gain greater understanding of the people and events of center of Christianity. The center of the world.
Highlights of center include the Pantheon, Piazza Navona and Castel Sant’Angelo. Rome, an open-air museum.
The Pantheon. Built more than 1800 years ago, the magnificent Pantheon is still the most important testimony of the great Roman Empire. The name derives from the original function of the monument as a temple dedicated to all the Gods. It is the best preserved building from ancient Rome and was completed in c. 124 d.C. from the Emperor Hadrian
This magnificent dome is the most notable part of the building; more than 43 meters high, it is the enduring demonstration of the genius of the Roman architects, given that the building is still practically intact today.
At the height of the dome there is a large opening called “Oculus”, the eye, which remains the only source of light. From this circular hole with a diameter of 9 meters placed at the center penetrates a beam of light that has allowed the studies of astronomy.
The Stadium was dedicated to the celebration of the Capitoline Agony, an imitation of the Olympic games beloved from Domitian Emperor in honor of JupiterAlso known as Circus Agonalis, the architecture of the stadium was of Greek inspiration, and so far is the only facility of that type ever discovered in masonry.
The stadium is located right on the current site of Piazza Navona that even today, therefore, retains its original structure.
Fountain of the Four Rivers
The main attraction of Piazza Navona is the trio of fountains that adorn the square. In the fountain four figures are carved in the rock supporting an obelisk; each represents a river from a different continent (the Nile, Ganges, Danube and Rio de la Plata). It was built by Bernini between 1647 and 1651, at the request of Pope Innocent X. The statues are at the base of
Fountain of Neptune & Fontana del Moro
The other two fountains of the square are the Fontana del Nettuno, at the northern end and the Fontana del Moro, at the southern end of the square.
The Fountain of Neptune
Was built in 1576 by Giacomo della Porta. The statues of Neptune surrounded by sea nymphs were added in the nineteenth century.
the Fontana del Moro
Giacomo della Porta also built the Fontana del Moro. The central statue of a Moor holding a dolphin, a drawing by Bernini, was added in the seventeenth century. The tritons are nineteenth-century additions.
Church of Sant’Agnese in Agone
In Piazza Navona is the church of Sant’Agnese in Agone. It was commissioned in 1652 by Pope Innocent X.
The front facade of the baroque church was designed by Borromini and completed in 1670.
Originally built in the 2nd century AD as a Mausoleum for Emperor Hadrian, Castel Sant’Angelo (Castle of the Holy Angel) has hosted the remains of Hadrian and his successors up to ‘Emperor Caracalla, in the year 217.
The building consisted of a large square base of 89 meters and a high 12, on which a cylindrical colonnaded drum with a diameter of 64 meters was raised.
The work was erected on the right bank of the Tiber River, in front of the bridge of Castel Sant’Angelo which constituted the only monumental access route. His numerous statues were added later.
Castel Sant’Angelo has had a tormented history. During its many years of existence, the building first functioned as a Mausoleum, then it became part of the city wall and used as a papal residence. Later it was transformed into a fortress for the defense of the city and, finally, as a barracks and military prison. Currently it is a National Museum.